Hanukkah or the “Festival of Lights” is celebrated by Jewish families for eight nights (it’s almost always in December.) During this time, Jewish families exchange gifts with each other. They light one candle each night on their menorah-until all eight are lit. Hanukkah is explained further at page bottom… Updated December 2016
When is Hanukkah?
Hanukkah starts on the Hebrew calendar date of 27Kislev–and lasts for eight days.
2016: Official dates are December 25 to January 1. The beginning is December 25 and ends January 1, 2017.
MAKE A HANUKKAH MENORAH
Eight empty toilet paper tubes
One empty paper towel tube
Holiday wrapping paper
Blue and gold sequins
Aluminum muffin/cupcake cups
Crepe paper, yellow, orange and red
A long box to hold the Menorah
1. Cover the tubes with wrapping paper. The center “candle” is covered in white paper.
2. Decorate the middle tube with sequins.
3. Place the muffin/cupcake cups at the bottom of each tube and rubberband to fit tightly. Fold down the top of the muffin cup so that candles will fit close together.
4. Wrap the long box that will be the base of the Menorah in wrapping paper.
5. Center the middle candle on the box and glue it down.
6. Place the other eight candles onto the box with four on each side and glue them down.
7. To make the flame, cut pieces of yellow cellophane, red, orange and yellow crepe paper and tape them together. Place each flame inside of the candles and attach with tape. Idea and photo from the Kansas City Public Library
FYI: A Hanukkah menorah (otherwise known as a hanukkia) has nine candles. Eight of these are the Hanukkah candles, and one is the shamash – the “assistant candle” that is used to light the others. On the first night, families place one candle in the Menorah’s far right (as you face the Menorah) candle holder. Another candle is placed for the Shamash (helper candle) The structure of the hanukkiah: the shamash is not in a line with the others. It is either above the other eight or off to the side. A menorah in use in the Temple had seven branches.
STAR OF DAVID ORNAMENT
6 Popsicle sticks for each star (Either colored sticks or painted)
Ribbon or yarn
1. Glue three sticks into a triangle shape. Glue the next three sticks into another triangle.
2. Glue the one triangle on top of the other triangle in opposite directions. This will give you the star shape.
3. Decorate star as desired. To hang- loop the ribbon or yarn at the top and attach with glue. (Image by KidActivities.net)
Dreidle, Paper, Paint, Tray
Put paint on tray.
Have children dip dreidels in paint (as many colors as you choose) and spin them on paper. Paper can be left in normal oblong shape–or cut in the shape of a dreidel. No two art pieces will be the same!
MAKE A MENORAH BULLETIN BOARD…
Create a classroom or program menorah by using strips of blue construction paper. Place a strip of paper horizontally (________) on the bottom of the board to form the base. Staple a strip that is perpendicular (vertical) to the base and attached at the very center. Next, staple a third strip -the same length as the base – and parallel/horizontal to the base. (This is the top that the candles are attached to)
Write ‘Happy’ on the top strip-and ‘Hanukaah’ on the base strip! On each of the eight days, have a child draw in one candle on the menorah. (Or place a pre-made construction paper candle with flame)
COUNTDOWN TO HANUKKAH PAPER CHAIN
Time is a difficult concept for young children to grasp! One fun and easy way to count off the days is to make a Holiday paper chain. Start on the appropriate date…and each day remove one paper loop! If you are a teacher/caregiver–make one with each child to take home–be sure to include directions for parents! (You could also do this in your classroom or program to count down the days to winter vacation!)
Blue and white construction paper, choice of stapler, tape or glue stick, scissors or paper cutter
1. Have adult cut paper strips from construction paper. Make strips approximately 2” x 8”.
2. Staple, glue or tape strips as you would any paper chain.
3. Depending on the amount of days to Hanukkah, number the loops 1 up ______. (The highest number will be at the top of the chain and 1 at bottom)
4. Hang the chain from a doorway or hook.
5. Each day remove one loop from the chain. Before you know it– the big day has arrived!
TIPS for Parents:
- If your child is under 5, consider putting up no more than two weeks of loops. Time does seem to stretch on forever with little ones!
- Consider making one chain for each “young” child you have; each child will want to remove their own loop. Problem solved! This is also a great idea for counting off any big event such as vacations, birthdays, etc.
SPARKLING PIPE CLEANER SNOWFLAKES
Silver and/or blue tinsel pipe cleaners 2 per snowflake
Blue, white, silver plastic pony beads
Cut the two pipe cleaners in half.
Make a cross and twist the two blue pipe cleaners in the center. Do the same with the silver.
Twist the two crosses together in the center to make a ‘Snowflake’.
Add a couple beads to each stem. Bend end of stem if needed so that beads stay on.
NOTE: This sample was made using four full pipe cleaners…the same above directions were followed. I think it would be easier for the children to handle-cutting the pipe cleaners in half.
Make a Holiday Banner for your Room!
It can say: HAPPY HANAKKAH! JOY! PEACE! (whatever…)
Narrow Banner about 18″ X 36″ and Wide Banner: 24″ X 36″
Also-Choice of a Dowel, bamboo stake, twig, etc.
Construction paper in assorted colors
Glue/paste, scissors, yarn
Discuss with children what you would like the banner to say and what the design, technique, etc. should be.
1. Fold both ends of paper over twice (about 2″) and paste or staple the bottom fold.
2. Cut out pieces for the banner (the words or word and pictures) from the construction paper.
3. Arrange the design on the butcher paper.
4. When you’re satisfied with the design, glue the pieces down.
5. Attach the doweling to the top of the banner with paste or staples. Add yarn and hang.
MAKE AN EDIBLE MENORAH!
Cut a banana in half and slice it down the middle lengthwise.
Have children take 8 pretzel sticks and place them in the banana; the pretzels, which are standing upright are the candles.
MAKE A FLAT MENORAH SNACK
Bread, pretzel sticks, raisins, cream cheese OR peanutbutter, carrot coins
1. Spread bread with cream cheese or peanut butter.
2. Press carrot coins into the spread for the base of the menorah.
3. Next place pretzel sticks above the carrots for candles and then the raisins as flames.
LATKES (Potato Pancakes)
Ingredients: 4 large peeled potatoes, 1/4 cup grated onions, 2 slightly beaten eggs, 2 Tbs. flour, salt and pepper, vegetable oil
1. Grate potatoes and measure 3 cups. Combine the grated potatoes with the onion, egg, flour and a dash of salt and pepper. Mix gently.
2. Put 1/2″ oil in heavy skillet. preheat oil. Drop 1 Tbs. potato mixture into pan for each pancake. Flatten with a spatula. Fry each side until golden.
3. Drain well on paper towels. Makes 24 small pancakes. Serve plain or with applesauce and or sour cream.
MAKE SOME EASY CROCK POT APPLESAUCE to go with the Latkes!
10 large cooking apples, peeled, cored & sliced or cut in chunks
1/2 c. water
1 tsp. cinnamon
1/2 to 1 c. sugar
Put all ingredients into crockpot. (Should be about 3/4 full.) Cover and cook on low 8 to 10 hours (High 3 to 4 hours).
EDIBLE DREIDLES #1 version
1. On the flat side of a chocolate kiss- attach a mini marshmallow with frosting or peanut butter.
2. Insert a pretzel stick into the marshmallow.
3. The children can then spin an edible dreidel! (Or just eat!!!) Be sure you have extra pretzels on hand to munch while making them!
Have kids use blue icing (shiny icing that comes in a ready-to-draw tube) to carefully write “nun,” “gimel,” “hay” and “shin” on the sides of a large marshmallow. You can see how to make the Hebrew letters at Virtual Chanukah. (If that’s too messy–or too much work– decorate the dreidel with some dots and stripes.
Note: This idea has been brought over from the “former” site After-School-Care.com–however– since posting it, I came across this photo and activity extension at Nickelodeon’s Parent Connect.
EDIBLE DREIDLES #2 version
1. On the flat side of a chocolate kiss- attach a large marshmallow with frosting or peanut butter.
2. Insert a pretzel stick into the marshmallow.
3. The children can then spin an edible dreidel! (Or just eat!!!) Be sure you have extra pretzels on hand to munch while making them! (Image by KidActivities.net)
One of the most popular Hanukkah pastimes is playing the dreidel game. It is a form of an old German gambling game; Its name comes from the German word for top.
A dreidel (a little wooden or clay top) The top has four sides, each marked with a Hebrew character: Nun, Gimel, Heh and Shin.
Wrapped chocolate, pennies, buttons, nuts, etc. (Usually 10-15 of your ‘choice’ is given to each player)
Pot or other container
Evenly divide the betting objects among all players.
Before every spin of the dreidel, each player places one item into the center (pot.
The first player spins the dreidel. The top has four sides, each marked with a Hebrew character: Nun, Gimel, Heh and Shin.
If Nun comes up, the player gets nothing and the next player takes a spin.
Gimel means the player takes the whole pot.
If Heh comes up, the player takes half the pot.
Shin means the player puts another item in the pot.
Depending on the outcome, you give or get game goodies from the pot– before the next person spins. At the beginning of each round, every participant puts one game piece into the center “pot.” In addition, every time the pot is empty or has only one game piece left, every player should put one in the pot.
The game is over when one player has everything and everyone else is cleaned out.
QUESTION: Where can I purchase a dreidel? Looking on line, dreidels can be found at Oriental Trading Company, Target, Amazon.com. and Walmart
Nun, gimel, heh, and shin,
See the wooden dreidel spin.
Nes gadol hayah shin,
If I’m lucky I will win!
I play with my new dreidel
upon the shiny floor.
I ask some friends to play with me-
we must have two or more.
I give the players pennies-
the same amount to each.
We sit down in a circle,
the pennies within reach.
Each player puts a penny
in the proper spot.
The middle of the circle
is what we call the pot.
Next I take the dreidel
and spin it round and round.
Which letter does it land on?
What fortune have I found?
I read the letter facing up-
it tells me how to play.
The letters are in Hebrew,
and here is what they say.
Nun means I do nothing-
I neither give nor take.
Heh means I take half the pot-
what a lucky break!
Gimel means I take it all.
It looks as if I’ll win!
But I must put a penny back
when it lands on shin.
We go around the circle-
it’s lots and lots of fun,
till one has all the pennies.
Then the game is done!
Nun, gimel, heh, and shin,
See the wooden dreidel spin.
Nes gadol hayah sham,
If I’m lucky I will win!
BOOKS FOR HANUKKAH TIME
- A Hanukkah Treasury: A collection of more than two dozen poems, stories, songs, Jewish history, and recipes. Edited and written in part by Eric Kimmel. For children of all ages
- By the Hanukkah Light by Sheldon Oberman
- Eight Tales for Eight Nights: Stories for Chanukah by Peninnah Schram and Steven M. Rosman
- Hershel and the Hanukkah Goblins by Eric A. Kimmel
- How I Saved Hanukkah (A chapter book for 7 to 10 years old)by Amy Goldman Koss
- Judah who Always Said “No! by Harriet K. Feder
- Latkes, Latkes, Good to Eat by Naomi Howland
- Light The Lights! A Story About Celebrating Hanukkah And Christmas by Margaret Moorman
- The Borrowed Hanukkah Latkes-A picture book for 4 to 8 years olds by Linda Glaser
- Runaway Dreidel! by Leslea Newman
- The Jar of Fools:Eight Hanukkah Stories From Chelm by Eric A. Kimmel (For children and adults)
- The Magic Dreidels: A Hanukkah Story by Eric A. Kimmel
- The Power of Light by Isaac Bashevis Singer
- The Story of Hanukkah by Amy Ehrlich
- The Trees of the Dancing Goats by Patricia Polacco
- When Mindy Saved Hanukkah by Eric Kimmel
These books may be found at your local public or school library–also at Amazon.com
WHAT IS HANUKKAH?
The joyous festival of Hanukkah begins on 25 Kislev of the Jewish calendar. It celebrates two miracles –a great Jewish military victory and a miraculous supply of oil for the Temple.
Hanukkah marks the Macabees’ long-ago defeat of the much-larger Greek-Syrian army that had invaded Israel. The Macabees were just a small group of Jews led by Mattathias and his five sons, including Judah Macabee. But they organized themselves into a guerrilla army and, with God’s help, proved stronger than their powerful enemy.
Following the Macabees’ victory, the Jews rededicated the Holy Temple in Jerusalem and, once again, were able to worship freely.
Although Hanukkah celebrates a military victory, its major symbol “the Hanukkah menorah, or hanukkiah” reminds us of the miracle of the oil. As the Jews purified the Holy Temple, they found only one flask of the oil for the eternal lamp–enough to keep it burning for just one day. But a miracle occurred, and the oil lasted eight days and nights until more oil could be brought from afar. That miracle explains why we celebrate Hanukkah for eight days and also why Hanukkah is called the Festival of Lights. Information Source: International Fellowship of Christians and Jews